Intergenerational Income Mobility and Economic Freedom. 2022. Southern Economic Journal (with Vincent Geloso).

The Authoritarian Trade-off: A Synthetic Control Analysis of Development and Social Compliance in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Contemporary Economic Policy (with Linan Peng

The Moral Costs of Markets: Testing the Deterioration Hypothesis. 2022. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, (with Colin Harris and Ben Borchard)

Does Economic Freedom Lighten the Blow? Evidence from the Great Recession in the United States.  2022. Economics of Governance, (with Jamie Bologna Pavlik)

The Impact of Place-Based Policy: Evidence from a Multiple Synthetic Control Analysis of the Northeastern Revitalization Program in China. 2022. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, (with Linan Peng)

Does Rigidity Matter? Constitutional Entrenchment and Growth. 2022. European Journal of Law and Economics, 53(1), 27-62 (with Andrew T. Young)

Does Constitutional Entrenchment Matter for Economic Freedom? 2021. Contemporary Economic Policy, 39(4), 808-830. (with Andrew T. Young)

Laissez Les Bons Temps Rouler? The Persistent Effect French Civil Law Has on Corruption, Institutions, and Incomes in Louisiana. 2021. Journal of Institutional Economics, 17(4), 663-680.

Institutional Quality and Development: On the Role of Informality. 2021. Journal of Developing Areas, 55(3), 343-363. (with Israt Jahan and Jamie Bologna Pavlik)

Ideologies, Institutions, and Interests: Why Economic Ideas Don’t Compete on a Level Playing Field. 2020. Independent Review, 25(1), 63-78. (with Alex Salter)

A Theory of Self-Governance: De Facto Constitutions as Filters. 2019. Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice, 34(2), 127-147. (with Alex Salter)


Economic Freedom Promotes Upward Income Mobility. 2021. In Gwartney, Lawson, Hall, and Murphy, Economic Freedom of the World: 2021 Annual Report, Vancouver: The Fraser Institute, 189-210. (with Vincent Geloso)


Free to Grow? A Matching Methods Analysis of Economic Reform in the United States. (Revise and Resubmit)

The Political Economy of Lighthouses in Antebellum America (with Vincent Geloso)

(Revise and Resubmit)

When a Country Becomes More Economically Free, Who in the Income Distribution Benefits? (Does Anybody Lose?) (with Andrew T. Young(Revise and Resubmit)

In Sickness and in Health: US-Municipal Evidence Linking Economic Freedom to Physical and Mental Health. (with Kelly Hyde, Ilia Murtazashvili, and Yang Zhou).


Available Upon Request:

Repression and International Trade: An Analysis of Chinese Trade with Islamic Countries. (with Greg Caskey and Linan Peng)

The Effects of Endured Constitutions on Incomes in the Contemporary Era.

The Political and Economic Consequences of Putin. (with Adam Martin)

Currently Unavailable:

Doing (Sketchy) Business. (with Kerianne Lawson)

Do No Harm? A Causal Analysis of the Impact of Foreign Aid on Governance Quality and Corruption. (with Kevin Grier). 

Court Packing. (with Gor Mkrtchian)

Economic Freedom, Industry Diversity, and Resilience: Evidence from Metropolitan Statistical Areas.

Revolutionary Constitutions (with Andrew Young)